The Differences Between Medicare Advantage and Medicare Supplement
Medicare Advantage and Medicare Supplements are very different insurance plans with distinct benefits. The answer to the question “Is one better than the other?” depends on your circumstances and needs.
There are many different types of Medicare Advantage plans, although not every plan type may be available in your area. A health maintenance organization (HMO) is a network of health-care providers and facilities where you choose a primary care physician to coordinate your care. A preferred provider organization (PPO) is also a network of health-care providers and facilities but typically you do not need to select a primary care physician, and you have more flexible options regarding out-of-network care.
A private fee-for-service (PFFS) plan is a mode of benefit delivery where you are not limited to a network. However, there are no guarantees that your doctor or hospital will accept the plan. If you choose to receive your Medicare health coverage through a private Medicare Advantage plan, you must continue paying your Part B premium regardless, because you remain enrolled in Original Medicare (Part A and Part B), even after joining a Part C plan.
Comparing Medicare Advantage vs. Medicare Supplement plans
In short, Medicare Supplement Insurance is a policy that’s added to Original Medicare, Part A and Part B, to provide additional coverage. Medicare Advantage is a private plan option that effectively replaces your Original Medicare coverage. The two don’t work together, and it is prohibited for anyone to sell you a Medigap policy when you already have a Medicare Advantage plan, unless you are going to switch back to Original Medicare.
A given plan type (e.g., Plan F) has the same benefits regardless of the insurance company that provides the policy, or the state in which you reside. This is not true of Medicare Advantage plans, however, because coverage details may vary by plan.
Excluding prescription drug coverage, any standard Medigap plan with Part A and B will have more benefits than a standard Medicare Advantage plan. However, as mentioned above, some Medicare Advantage plans offer benefits beyond those found in Part A and Part B.
Some Medicare Advantage plans offer prescription drug coverage (often for an additional monthly cost). With a Medigap plan, in contrast, you would need to enroll in a separate prescription drug plan. When comparing plan options, consider your costs for drug coverage. In some cases, Medigap with a stand-alone prescription drug plan has lower total costs than a Medicare Advantage plan with drug coverage. In other cases, the reverse might be true.
Comparison is key
When choosing between a Medigap plan and a Medicare Advantage plan, take the time to do your research. Read the benefit descriptions of every Medigap and Medicare Advantage plan you are considering. Be certain to look at:
- Monthly premium
- Doctor and healthcare facility restrictions
- Anticipated plan costs given your typical use of health-care and hospitalization services
- Prescription drug coverage cost sharing as it relates to your medication usage
In the end, your decision is going to be the one that you feel the most comfortable with. The challenge is often wading through all the material to get to the bottom line. Want to make that a little easier? Give us a call at 1-844-431-1832.